are composed of 27 different species of herbaceous perennial tuberous roots. A. italicum
has large, stalked, dark green, roped or arrowhead, sharp-pointed or rounded, ribbed network leaves which are sometimes stained dark purple. It produces pear-shaped or globular berries clustered at the end of the stems. A. italicum
is mainly used as an ornamental and are found throughout Europe, central Asia, and the Middle East.
comes from the Greek word ‘aron’, meaning ‘climbing’ or ‘poisonous plant’. Most species contain calcium oxalates, saponins, cyanogenic glycosides, and raphides.