cyanogenic glycosides
Flower Color:
  • flower color
  • flower color
gardens, fields, ornamental, orchards

Time of Greatest Risk


Geographical Distribution

Bitter almond distribution - United States

Related Species

Bitter Almond

Prunus dulcis

Mandel, Amandier, Bian Tao, Amondo
7/ 10
Bitter almond tree (Prunus dulcis) is a dense, rounded, deciduous tree or large multi-stemmed shrub which are commercially grown for their edible nuts. It is grown worldwide although primarily native to western Asia.

Toxic Components
Bitter almond tree horses
P. dulcis appear similar to the peach tree. The fruits and wilting leaves of the tree contain cyanogenic glycosides, which release toxic hydrogen cyanide when chewed.

The bitterness of almond is determined by the amount of the cyanogenic diglucoside amygdalin in the plant tissue. Diglucoside amygdalin is a cyanogenic glucoside, which if disturbed, causes the plant the respond with an immediate chemical defense which causes the release of Glc, an aldehyde or ketone, and HCN, a toxic substance to animals.